Cochlidium serrulatum

This small fern has a wide distribution, found throughout South America, mainland Africa and Madagascar  It usually is seen at higher elevations forming little colonies.  The fine roots will produce new plantlets, which help the colony to spread.  Everything about this delicate fern is attractive, even the old dried leaves add a special touch.  The fronds only reach about 3″.

From Ferns of the World,

“A relatively common grammitid, Cochldium serrulatum forms small colonies via root proliferations. The leaf dimorphism is diagnostic. Cochlidium serrulatum is occasionally mistaken for Stenogrammitis, but that genus differs by a number of characters including minute branched hairs where one branch is acicular.”

Growing on the fertile frond below, germinated spores,